debt

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
State of owing money
Nouns
1. debt, indebtedness, obligation, liability, debit, score; charge, charge account; arrears, deferred payment, accounts receivable; deficit, default; insolvency, nonpayment, bankruptcy; bad debt, bills, nonperforming asset; national or public deficit; interest, usury; floating debt or capital. Informal, megadebt. See borrowing, accounting, insufficiency, failure, poverty, nonpayment.
2. debtor, debitor; defaulter. Slang, deadbeat.
3. lending, loan, [cash] advance, accommodation; encumbrance.
4. interest, usury; interest rate, points, prime rate, bank rate; simple or compound interest.
5. lender, banker, mortgagee, pawnbroker, pawnshop.
Verbs
1. be in debt, owe; incur or contract a debt; run up a bill or a score, run a tab, run up an account; borrow (see borrowing); run or get into debt; accrue debts; outrun the constable; answer for, go bail for, bail out. Informal, run a tab, go on tick. Slang, touch, go broke.
2. lend, advance, finance, accommodate (with), loan, encumber; mortgage, hypothecate, pledge, pawn, borrow from Peter to pay Paul. Informal, hock.
3. (refuse to honor a debt) repudiate, stop payment, dishonor; charge or write off. See nonpayment.
Adjectives
1. indebted, liable, chargeable, answerable for, in debt, in embarrassed circumstances, in difficulties, encumbered, involved, plunged or deep in debt, short, up against it, in the red, in the hole, fast tied up; bankrupt, insolvent; minus, out of pocket. Informal, in hock. Slang, broke, on the cuff, in hock, head over heels in debt.
2. unpaid; unrequited, unrewarded; owing, due, past due, in arrears, outstanding; delinquent.
Phrases — lend your money and lose your friend.
Quotations — Home life ceases to be free and beautiful as soon as it is founded on borrowing and debt (Henrik Ibsen), He that dies pays all debts (Shakespeare).
Antonyms, see payment, credit.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [That which is owed]
Syn. liability, obligation, mortgage, debit, score, pecuniary due, duty, arrears, deficit, note, bill, accounts outstanding, accounts collectible, debt of honor, encumbrance, commitment, outstandings, claim, indebtedness, arrearage, deferred payment, national debt, contingent liability, floating debt, funded debt, future debt, account, overdraft, amount due, red ink*, IOU*, chit*; see also lien , mortgage .
Ant. credit*, asset, capital.
2. [Capital covered by funded obligations]
Syn. outstanding issues, mortgages, bonds, shares, stocks, notes, securities, checks, debentures, indentures; see also money 1 .
in debt,
Syn. owing, liable, in the red, in arrears; see indebted .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
obligation, liability, bill, debit, arrears, deficit, pledge, due, burden, *red ink. ''The slavery of the free.''—Publilius Syrus. ''A trap which a man sets and baits himself, and then deliberately gets into.''—Josh Billings.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. Something, such as money, owed by one person to another: arrearage, arrears, due, indebtedness, liability, obligation. See OBLIGATION, PAY. 2. A condition of owing something to another: arrearage, arrears, indebtedness, liability, obligation. See PAY.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • debt — n [Old French dette, ultimately from Latin debita, plural of debitum debt, from neuter of debitus, past participle of debere to owe] 1: something owed: as a: a specific sum of money or a performance due another esp. by agreement (as a loan… …   Law dictionary

  • debt — W2S2 [det] n [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: dette, from Latin debitum, from debere to owe ] 1.) a sum of money that a person or organization owes debt of ▪ This over ambitious strategy has saddled them with debts of around $3,000,000.… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Debt — • That which is owed or due to another; in general, anything which one person is under an obligation to pay or render to another Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Debt     Debt      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • debt — [ det ] noun *** 1. ) count an amount of money that you owe: By this time we had debts of over $15,000. run up a debt (=let it increase): She had run up debts of nearly $10,000. pay (off)/repay a debt: Many people experience difficulty in paying… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Debt — Debt, n. [OE. dette, F. dette, LL. debita, fr. L. debitus owed, p. p. of debere to owe, prop., to have on loan; de + habere to have. See {Habit}, and cf. {Debit}, {Due}.] 1. That which is due from one person to another, whether money, goods, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • debt — debt; debt·less; debt·or; in·debt; in·debt·ed; in·debt·ed·ness; in·debt·ment; …   English syllables

  • debt — debt, indebtedness, obligation, liability, debit, arrear mean something, and especially a sum of money, that is owed another. Debt usually implies that the amount is owed in return for goods, property, or services and can be definitely computed… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • debt — A liability on a claim (SA Bankruptcy.com) Under Title 11 U.S.C. Section 101: (12) The term debt means liability on a claim. United Glossary of Bankruptcy Terms 2012 …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • debt — [det] n. [altered (after L) < ME & OFr dette < L debitum, neut. pp. of debere, to owe < de , from + habere, to have: see HABIT] 1. something owed by one person to another or others 2. an obligation or liability to pay or return something …   English World dictionary

  • debt — (n.) late 13c., dette, from O.Fr. dete, from L. debitum thing owed, neuter pp. of debere to owe, originally, keep something away from someone, from de away (see DE (Cf. de )) + habere to have (see HABIT (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • debt — [n] money owed to others albatross*, arrearage, arrears, bad news*, baggage*, below the line*, bill, bite*, capital, check, chit*, claim, commitment, credit, cuff*, damage*, dead horse*, debenture, debit, deficit, due, dues, duty, encumbrance,… …   New thesaurus

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